A Brief Timeline of Internet Developments

1958

US ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) established to lead science and military technological developments.
Large View

1961

MIT research paper of Packet Switching Theory.
Large View

1961-69

Ongoing research into inter-computer communications and networks.
Large View

1969

ARPANET, commissioned by US Defense Department, goes live.
Large View

1971

Ray Tomlinson creates first network email application.
Large View

1973

Development of protocols to enable multi-network Internet opportunities. First international ARPANET connections made.
Large View

1976

HM Queen Elizabeth II sends an email.
Large View

1978

First spam email is recorded.
Large View

1980

Tim Berners-Lee develops rules for the World Wide Web and is credited as the Web Father. Alan Emtage develops the first search tool known as ‘ARCHIE’.
Large View

1982

Standard network protocols are established: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), commonly referred to as TCIP/IP.
Large View

1984

Joint Academic Network (JANET) is established, linking higher education institutions. Domain Name System (DNS) is introduced.
Large View

1985

A company named Symbolics becomes the first registered dot.com domain.
Large View

1987

National Science Foundation (US) is the catalyst for the surge in funded work into the Internet. Number of Internet hosts increases significantly in this period.
Large View

1988-90

28 countries sign up to hook up to the NSFNET, reinforcing international Internet potential.
Large View

1990

Senator Al Gore coins the term ‘information superhighway’.
Large View

1991

Web Father, Tim Berners-Lee releases World Wide Web (www) with scientists from CERN.
Large View

1992

America Online (AOL) is launched and raises $23m in floatation. The term ‘surfing the net’ is introduced by Jean Armour Polly. The World Bank goes online.
Large View

1993

Mainstream media attention increases awareness of the Internet. First Internet publication. Wired, goes on sale. Mosaic introduces the first web browser with graphical interface and is the forerunner of Netscape Navigator......
Large View

1995

Amazon is launched by Jeff Bezos. Trial dial-up systems such as AOL and CompuServe launch. Charging is introduced for domain names. Search technology companies such as Alta Vista, Infoseek, Excite and Metacrawler rapidly appear.
Large View

1996

Yahoo! is launched on the stock exchange and shares are up nearly 300% on first day.
Large View

1997

MP3.com is founded. The term “search engine optimisation” is used for the first time in a forum.
Large View

1998

XML is released to enable compatibility between different computer systems. Google founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.
Large View

1999

Peter Merholz coins the word “blog”.
Large View

2000

AOL and Time-Warner announce they are merging. Pay per Click campaigns are introduced for top ten search rankings. Google AdWords launches, charging for adverts on a CPM basis.
Large View

2002

UK online monthly consumer shopping breaks through the £1 billion barrier. Google AdWords charges on a PPC basis instead of CPM.
Large View

2003

eBay topples Amazon as the most visited UK website.
Large View

2004

CD-WOW loses court case and rights to source cheaper CDs outside EU, undermining the global concept of the Internet. Facebook launches from the Harvard dorm room of Mark Zuckerberg, Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes and Eduardo Saverin.
Large View

2005

Iceland leads the world with broadband penetration: 26.7 inhabitants per 100 have broadband compared with 15.9 per 100 in the UK. Launch of YouTube. Google buys Android Inc.
Large View

2006

Google buys YouTube for $1.6 billion. Facebook membership opens to anyone. Twitter launches. Technorati notes that a blog is created every second of every day. Time Magazine names “You” as person of the year, due to online activity.
Large View

2007

Facebook launches Facebook Ads. Apple launches the iPhone. Google Phone, with the Android operating system, launches.
Large View

2008

Firefox 3.0 launches with over 8 million downloads in 24 hours. Groupon launches, to become the fastest growing company of all time. Google Chrome, a browser, launches. Apple launches the App Store.
Large View

2009

Facebook adds “like” feature. Foursquare launches.
Large View

2010

Facebook reaches 500 million users. 24 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute. Launch of Google Instant. Google launches Nexus One. Internet usage tops 1 966 514 816 worldwide.
Large View

2011

200 million tweets are sent daily on Twitter - about one billion a week. Social media is credited with a crucial role in political movements in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya. Apple’s App Store downloads top 10 billion. Google + launches.
Large View
www.londonwebtechnology.co.uk