US ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) established to lead science
and military technological developments.
MIT research paper of Packet Switching Theory.
Ongoing research into inter-computer communications and networks.
ARPANET, commissioned by US Defense Department, goes live.
Ray Tomlinson creates first network email application.
Development of protocols to enable multi-network Internet opportunities.
First international ARPANET connections made.
HM Queen Elizabeth II sends an email.
First spam email is recorded.
Tim Berners-Lee develops rules for the World Wide Web and is credited as the
Alan Emtage develops the first search tool known as ‘ARCHIE’.
Standard network protocols are established: Transmission Control Protocol
(TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), commonly referred to as TCIP/IP.
Joint Academic Network (JANET) is established, linking higher education
Domain Name System (DNS) is introduced.
A company named Symbolics becomes the first registered dot.com domain.
National Science Foundation (US) is the catalyst for the surge in funded work
into the Internet.
Number of Internet hosts increases significantly in this period.
28 countries sign up to hook up to the NSFNET, reinforcing international
Senator Al Gore coins the term ‘information superhighway’.
Web Father, Tim Berners-Lee releases World Wide Web (www) with scientists
America Online (AOL) is launched and raises $23m in floatation.
The term ‘surfing the net’ is introduced by Jean Armour Polly.
The World Bank goes online.
Mainstream media attention increases awareness of the Internet.
First Internet publication. Wired, goes on sale.
Mosaic introduces the first web browser with graphical interface and is the
forerunner of Netscape Navigator......
Amazon is launched by Jeff Bezos.
Trial dial-up systems such as AOL and CompuServe launch.
Charging is introduced for domain names.
Search technology companies such as Alta Vista, Infoseek, Excite and
Metacrawler rapidly appear.
Yahoo! is launched on the stock exchange and shares are up nearly 300% on
MP3.com is founded.
The term “search engine optimisation” is used for the first time in a forum.
XML is released to enable compatibility between different computer systems.
Google founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.
Peter Merholz coins the word “blog”.
AOL and Time-Warner announce they are merging.
Pay per Click campaigns are introduced for top ten search rankings.
Google AdWords launches, charging for adverts on a CPM basis.
UK online monthly consumer shopping breaks through the £1 billion barrier.
Google AdWords charges on a PPC basis instead of CPM.
eBay topples Amazon as the most visited UK website.
CD-WOW loses court case and rights to source cheaper CDs outside EU,
undermining the global concept of the Internet.
Facebook launches from the Harvard dorm room of Mark Zuckerberg, Dustin
Moskovitz, Chris Hughes and Eduardo Saverin.
Iceland leads the world with broadband penetration: 26.7 inhabitants per 100
have broadband compared with 15.9 per 100 in the UK.
Launch of YouTube.
Google buys Android Inc.
Google buys YouTube for $1.6 billion.
Facebook membership opens to anyone.
Technorati notes that a blog is created every second of every day.
Time Magazine names “You” as person of the year, due to online activity.
Facebook launches Facebook Ads.
Apple launches the iPhone.
Google Phone, with the Android operating system, launches.
Firefox 3.0 launches with over 8 million downloads in 24 hours.
Groupon launches, to become the fastest growing company of all time.
Google Chrome, a browser, launches.
Apple launches the App Store.
Facebook adds “like” feature.
Facebook reaches 500 million users.
24 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute.
Launch of Google Instant.
Google launches Nexus One.
Internet usage tops 1 966 514 816 worldwide.
200 million tweets are sent daily on Twitter - about one billion a week.
Social media is credited with a crucial role in political movements in Egypt,
Tunisia and Libya.
Apple’s App Store downloads top 10 billion.
Google + launches.